In each Old Town of Montenegro still ticking the heart of montenegrin rocks…
Old Town Budva
Old Town is the trademark of Budva. Originally built on an island, a sand isthmus developed between it and the main land and so it became a peninsula. Old Town Budva is a unique architectural and urban unit that was already mentioned as a settlement in ancient times. According to these sources, Budva is over 2,500 years old and one of the oldest urban centres around the Adriatic Sea. The walls of the Old Town were, and still are, as much of an attraction to residential homes as for tourists, who come to visit from the furthest parts of the world. They were built in the Middle Ages when this region was ruled by the Venetians. The Old Town twice suffered from natural disasters when strong earthquakes struck, first in 1667 and again in 1979. On your first visit to the Old Town of Budva, you might think that you have entered a labyrinth, with lots of narrow streets, squares, walls and towers from the late Middle Ages. Today, the ground floors of many houses have been converted into art galleries, shops, cafes, boutiques, Within the Old Town is the city fortress, Citadela, dating from the 5 th 6 th century AD, which is now used as the summer stage for the famous Theatre City cultural festival. In the Old Town are also the churches of St. Ivan (a monumental three-nave basilica, built in the 7 th century AD), St. Mary’s of Punta (the oldest building, dating from 840 AD) and the Holy Trinity (built in 1804).
Old Town Bar
To stay in Bar, and not visit its old part, that is, the Old Bar, it is the same, people from Bar say, as if you haven’t been in that town at all. The Old Bar, which is 4 kilometers away from the center of the New Bar, is situated on a very steep cliff in the base of the mountain Rumija. The town has been successively built for several centuries. Primarily the area that the Old Bar encompassed was much closer to the shore, but because of the frequent pirate attacks, population had to move to interior, so today the Old Bar is almost 5 kilometers away from the sea. Bar is constituted of the fortified city lake, encompassed by the walls from the XI and XII century, which were renewed in the XIV and XV century. During the visit of that part of Bar, you’ll see an old city gate from the XI century. Beside the gate, there is a Citadela, which had exclusively defensive character. As a part of the Old Bar is annexed it the Venetian era, during the XV century and in the first half of the XVI century, a great number of monuments authentically testifies of that time. There are two still very well preserved churches: the church of St. Katarina from the XVI century and the church of St. Veneranda from the Xv century. In the old part of the town there is a Turkish bathroom – a steam bath from the XVII century, a powder magazine, as well as some other interesting buildings, like the remains of the church St. Nikola, which in the year 1288 was built by the wife of the Serbian emperor Uros, better known as Jelena Anzujska or Jelena Kurtnejska. Below the Old town there are the remains of aquaduct from the XVI and XVII century, through which the water was brought to town.
Old Town Kotor
Old town of Kotor is one of Mediterranean towns with best-kept Medieval urbane from 12 th to 14 th century and is at list of World Culture Heritage under protection of UNESCO. Old town of Kotor is at the list of UNESCO World Culture Heritage since 1979. Medieval town of Kotor is located at the end of Boka Kotorska bay. Today Kotor is the largest old urbane location in Montenegro. The oldest archeological foundations buildings dating back to 6 th century is early Christian basilica found under the church of Mary Koledjate or Gospe od zdravlja, in vicinity of main town doors of old town of Kotor. Already in 11 th century Kotor gets its protector, Saint Tripun (Trifun) in whose honor was built cathedral today considered the symbol of Kotor.
Cultural heritage of Kotor is precious. The town riches are the most important cultural buildings as: Watch tower (8 th century), Cathedral of saint Tripun (12 th ), Church of Saint Luka (12 th ), Prince’s palace (17 th ), saint Mary’s Church (12 th ), Church Gospe od zdravlja (15 th ) Napoleon theatre (19 th ). Kotor is surrounded by city walls or walls around city or above city around the hill and fortress Sveti Ivan (San Djovani) at the top of the hill. No matter from which door or entrance to old Kotor to enter assembly of narrow and asymmetric streets with numerous medieval monuments.
Not only monumental buildings as abovementioned churches, cathedrals or museums but ornaments not only cultural or historic but also simple buildings as family houses that are still inhabited. Marks from times gone by are still visible at large number of family houses. In shape of ornaments justifying about Roman Empire at these regions you can see Roman marks in shape of numbers, sentences, shapes of lions, dragons, snakes Everywhere around baroque windows, massive walls ornamented and skillfully carved vaults. Palaces are numerous in Kotor: Palace Drago with gothic windows from 15 th century; Palace Bizanti from 12 th century; Palace Pima with typical shapes of Renaissance and baroque, 16 th century; Palace Grubonja with carved coat of old Kotor pharmacy, founded in 1326; Palace Grgurina from 17 th century, today building of Maritime Museum, as Watch tower from 16 th century by which is pillar of shame.
Old Town Herceg Novi
Old town center is in fact simple city center dating back to late Middle Ages and contains fortified, holy, living and public buildings. Styles of buildings are intermingled and still testify on Turkish and Venetian rule in Herceg Novi. Old town center contains Old town in once defensive walls, towers and fortresses. At north there is Kanli Kula (today summer and film scene), at west Sat Kula, at south is fortress Forte Mare and at east is city tap and gate Karaca. Old architecture in center has its ambient value recognized by knot of steep streets and staircase that follow the cascades of ground.
Old Town Ulcinj
Ulcinj`s Old town is a lot like many other medieval towns on the Montenegrin Coast. It is encircled by big stonewalls and fortresses, which for centuries have been the keepers of the Ulcin`s: history, culture, and tradition. For the Old town people from Ulicnj say that it is a fortress of a unique beauty. Bulwarks, which surround it, come out directly from the sea and their surface is 3 ha. They are composed of citadel – a part which is still called upper town an a fortress of a military character, which is located on a highest stone plateau, and city community which encircles the south area which is gird by the defensive walls. It is considered that the real builders of the Old town in Ulcinj were Greeks from Epir, who built the town at the end of the V and at the beginning of the IV century B.C. That that period can be considered as the time for which the genesis of the town can be tied with, testifies a record on the pedestal for the icon of a goddess Ara on which it is written: “The union of the stonemasons (erects) to Artemida Elafavoli (a goddess of hunt)”. That leads us to a fact that the “Cyclops” walls, as they are still called, the bulwarks of Ulcinj, were erected by the Greek masons. The town, which was made by the Greeks, was ruined in the earthquake in the V century, so for the now – day look of the Old town Ulcinj, the credit mostly goes to Romans, who built a new town in the VI century. With the Old town many stories are connected. Up to the year 19000 in Ulcinj 100 black people lived. For the arrivals of the first men of black complexion the most important is the period when Ulcinj, that is, at that time Port Valdanos was a pirate asylum. Because of the trading of slaves from the countries of the Mediterranean, the main square in Ulcinj even today carries a name Slave Square. Also, even today you can hear a story that the famous Spanish writer Miguel de Servantes was one of the imprisoned pirate captives and slaves in Ulcinj. In Ulcinj Servantes has spent 5 years. Later, on his returning to his homeland, Servantes writes his famous work named “Don Quixote”. It is supposed that the two female characters that are mentioned in that work are precisely inspired by the Servantes` imprisonment in Ulcinj.