Herceg Novi
Herceg Novi

Herceg Novi - Nature

Thanks to numerous natural beauties Herceg Novi gained name of town of sun, flowers and green. Its flora is especially interesting because in town and around it grows a few hundreds of various plants from all over the world. Herceg Novi is located at South part of Adriatic Sea. The town is located at very important and attractive region between mountain Orjen (1895 m) and one of the loveliest bays in the world Boka Kotorska. Orjen is famous for endemic plants, recreational walking paths, skiing in late spring and early summery months. There are near town hills Dobrostica (1570 m) and Radostak (1441 m), Peninsula Lustica with highest top Obosnik (585 m) and capes Ostro and Miriste 2900 meters wide. Herceg Novi has also rich and colorful village back that has 235 km2. As in other Littoral towns Herceg Novi has mild Mediterranean climate with dry and warm summers and mild winters.

Concerning climate Herceg Novi has some specialties that is specific microclimate conditioned by south exposition, karsts ground and mountainous back that prevent influence of clod air mass. These facts show that average year temperature in town is very nice of 16.2 degrees Centigrade with over 200 sunny days in year. In summer months (July, August) there are 10.7 sun hours a day. Sea temperature at Herceg Novi in summer is 22 C to 26 C with approximately same air temperature that enables bathing season that lasts up to 5 months. Characteristic winds blow in Herceg Novi and its surroundings as: Western, summer wind maestral; winter, north bura; south wind jugo and sporadically blow other winds as levant, tramontana Flora is quite interesting for in town and around it grow a few hundreds of different plants from all over the world. Rare flowers and plants grow in Herceg Novi.

The loveliest natural park is Savinska Dubrava with monuments from earlier and new history of this region. There and around it the most prevalent is mimosa (accacia decurrens, lat.) flower of yellow color. Mimosa is of Australian origin and is from family of acacia, it was brought to Boka Kotorska and Herceg Novi in the beginning of 20 th century. According estimation there are 5000 mimosa trees in Boka today. At Herceg Novi Riviera grows also magnolia (magnolia grandiflora, lat.) evergreen tree with marvelous velvet white flowers brought from North America. Cicas palm (cycas revoluta, lat.) also grows in Herceg Novi. It is very popular at Mediterranean and its origins are from Far East. It is also one of the oldest living species in the world. Agava (agave americane, lat.) is one more interesting plant with origin from East Mexico. To Herceg Novi was brought by Spaniards in mid 16 th century. Agava has antiseptic and curing substances. Famous plants are also lavender (lavandula officinalis, lat.), planika (arbutus unedo, lat.) bogumila (bougainvillea spectabilis, lat.)

Herceg Novi littoral and specially its back are rich with fauna. Apart various birds as swallows, sea gulls, hawks, smaller birds red breast, sparrows in the hills around Herceg Novi it is often met rabbits, fox, wolves, wild boars, martens, squirrels Under waters of Herceg Novi is also interesting. In blue water of Herceg Novi bay exist man species of fish that inhabit waters of Mediterranean. The most famous fish is dentex (dentex dentex, lat.) thanks to its delicious meat this fish was famous in Antic times and perhaps is the most famous kind of fish of Adriatic Sea and all Mediterranean. Dentex is most commonly seen during summer months at 10-20 meters depth. There is also lobster (palinuris elphas, lat.) that crab is the largest in waters of Adriatic. Lobster can be up to 50 cm long and 5 kg of weight. It feeds on fish, shells and other. Fishermen and divers in Herceg Novi bay often catch octopus (octopus vulgaris, lat.) it is from family of cephalopodes where are also cuttlefish and squid. Apart in waters of Mediterranean octopus are also in Atlantic Ocean. In waters at Herceg Novi often one can meet some other creatures of sea floor. Among them are: glowing worm (herm dice carunculata, lat.), sea urchin (arbacia lixula, lat.) worm (sabella spallanzanii, lat.) purple snail (flabellina affinis, lat.), cardinal (apogon imberbis, lat.).