Herceg Novi
Herceg Novi

Herceg Novi - Culture

Herceg Novi was sung by the poets, painted by the fine art artists; the tourism has been developed in it, but many people will tell you that "it is easy and simple to live in Herceg Novi" and that "it is even easier to belong to it". And indeed many famous and well known people have belonged to Herceg Novi. Many well known personalities were born or they lived in this town. Historically the most significant person of this town is surely the King Tvrtko I Kotromanic (1351 – 1391), at the same time the founder of Herceg Novi. By inheriting the throne from his uncle Stjepan II, Tvrtko is yet another ruler whose origins are directly connected to the Serbian dynasty Nemanjic. In 1283 Kotromanic began the construction of Herceg Novi, by building the fortifications on the places where today the center of the town is situated. The municipality Herceg Novi will soon promote the idea of raisin the monument to the founder of this town.

Famous army commanders and military leaders lived in Herceg Novi. One of them is the heir of Tvrtko I Kotromanic, Sandalj Hranic (1392 – 1435). The period of his reign in Herceg Novi was marked by the successful trade of salt.

Another heir of Tvrtko I Kotromanic, Stjepan Vukcic Kosaca (1435 – 1466), is a historically important person for Herceg Novi, because he significantly widened the territory of Herceg Novi during the XV century.

The foreigners that have found themselves in Herceg Novi in certain historical period, have written their names in the culturally – historical documents of the town. That was the case with the Portuguese doctor Isaija Koen (1517 – 1599). The doctor and later a poet Isaija Koen, was buried on the grave of the Spanish Jews in Herceg Novi, which used to be situated near the town, and which according to the written documentation sank into the sea during the big earthquake in 1667.

In the year 1664, a chronicler and a writer, Elvija Ibn Dervis Zili or Elvija Celebija, whose origin remained unknown, stayed in Herceg Novi. About his staying in that town Celebija wrote in details in his piece "Chronicle of the Travel", where he describes former Herceg Novi.

Beside Dubrovnik, Herceg Novi is also considered to be the birth place of Sava Raguzinski Valdislavic, a Russian diplomat (1670 – 1738). He worked on development of literacy, first in Herceg Novi monasteries, and then in other coastal and Montenegrin monasteries. At the end of the XVII century in Herceg Novi lived one of the Venetian army commanders, at that time the general provider of Dalmatia and Albania, Jerolim Korner. He sailed into Herceg Novi with a magnificent sailing boat in 1687, on the order of the Venetian senate. His mission was to take over and liberate Herceg Novi from the Turkish reign. His name will remain remembered because of the fact that only 10 days after occupying the town he issued a decree of the foundation of the land registry, whose original is even today kept in the State archive of Montenegro.

Another important person fro Herceg Novi is the bishop Savatije Ljubibratic, who transferred the administration from the monastery Tvrdos (Herzegovina) to Herceg Novi in 1695. His title of Bishop of the monastery was acknowledged the same year by the Venetian authority, and they gave him the land on the location where today a place called Topla is situated. His reign ended in 1716.

The history of Herceg Novi remembers also the name of Marko Vojnovic (1752 – 1812), the founder of the Great Russian Black sea fleet. An entire historical period of the family Vojnovic is characterized by the descendants who mostly had military, count and academic titles. On the shores of Persia Marko Vojnovic founded the first Russian station, and the history remembers him by his participation in the famous sea battle against the Turks in 1788 near the island Fidinisi.

One of the most important personas In Herceg Novi and Boka Kotorska in general, is Sveti (ST.) Leopold Mandic. On his baptizing he got the name Bogdan (GOD GIVEN), so his dedication to the church and monk life developed in the mark of that name. Already in his 16th year Leopold Mandic leaves the house and dedicates himself fully to the Lord. Leopold’s priest’s life lasted for entire 52 years. He was proclaimed a saint in 1983.

After finishing theology and after being a teacher in several great monasteries in Serbia, in Herceg Novi he comes as a church dignitary Nikolaj Velimirovic (1880 – 1956). Having settled in a place called Meljine, in the Savina monastery in Novi, for a long time he performs the church services. He published a book "Zapis o Boki" ("NOTE ON BOKA"). After that he leaves for Germany, and finishes his theology studies, and gets his PhD in philosophy on Oxford.

A significant place in the past of Boka and Herceg Novi takes a respectable family Zlokovic from the place Bijela. During the xx century that family gave some very important names, bishop gornjokarlovacki (of UPPER KARLOVCI) Sir Simeon, a historian Ignjatije Zlokovic, architect Milan Zlokovic, PhD of pedagogical sciences Djordje Zlokovic, and a publicist Maksim Zlokovic (1919 – 1996).

Herceg Novi is considered to be "a town of eternal greenery, sun and stairs". That was written by the famous Nobel Prize winner Ivo Andric. Andric often stayed in Herceg Novi and he experienced this town in a very unusual and to literates, very characteristic way. The house of Ivo Andric can still be found in Herceg Novi. In this town also often stayed and sought the inspiration for his works the Montenegrin bishop and poet Petar II Petrovic Njegos. During the XX century many other famous Montenegrin literates like Mihalo Lalic, Dusan Kostic stayed in Herceg Novi. For some time Herceg Novi was the seat of "Lovcen film" (LOVCEN MOVIE) (1952 – 1955), the first Montenegrin enterprise for display and production of movies, which was founded on Cetinje in March 1949, the first director of that enterprise was a man from Novi Simo Colovic, who lives even today in Herceg Novi. Herceg Novi is also an ideal town for painting ambitions. Except the writers and people of movies, that is also the town of painters. Especially fruitful and interesting during the XX century was the Secondary Artistic School in Herceg Novi. At that time the professors in that school were Yugoslavian postwar painters, and for that school, on a direct or an indirect way, were also connected Montenegrin painters, who acquired their fame in the world. Let’s just mention artists Miodrag (Dado) Djuric, Vojo Stanic, Milo Milunovic, Djordjije Bato Pravilovic… In Herceg Novi were also born and a part of the year they spend in Herceg Novi famous musician such as: Rambo Amadeus, Vlado Georgiev, Dragoljub Djuricic…

Herceg Novi is a sport town too. In that town already in 1926 a first water polo club in the former Yugoslavia – "Jadran", was formed. "Jadran" too gave birth to many national representatives such as: Djuro Radan, Milan Muskatirovic, Dejan Dabovic, Zoran Mustur, Stanko Zlokovic, and the legend of the world water polo Bozidar Stanisic – Cikota. That club also gave one of the greatest swimming coaches on the Balkans - Ivan Zuber.