Ulcinj

This town is in the far south of the Montenegrin coast. With its natural charms, Ulcinj is perfect for tourism. The longest sandy beach on the Adriatic (the Big Beach is 13 km long) – Ada Bojana, the splendid river island with more magnificent sandy beaches, the unique cove Valdanos with numerous old olive trees in the background, the reconstructed old town within Ulcinj (rich in interesting restaurants, cafs, galleries and hotels) and many other interesting sites make Ulcinj a unique place, attractive for many tourists.

Ulcinj is a town that you definitely have to see.

Old Town Ulcinj

Ulcinj`s Old town is a lot like many other medieval towns on the Montenegrin Coast. It is encircled by big stonewalls and fortresses, which for centuries have been the keepers of the Ulcin`s: history, culture, and tradition. For the Old town people from Ulicnj say that it is a fortress of a unique beauty. Bulwarks, which surround it, come out directly from the sea and their surface is 3 ha. They are composed of citadel – a part which is still called upper town an a fortress of a military character, which is located on a highest stone plateau, and city community which encircles the south area which is gird by the defensive walls. It is considered that the real builders of the Old town in Ulcinj were Greeks from Epir, who built the town at the end of the V and at the beginning of the IV century B.C. That that period can be considered as the time for which the genesis of the town can be tied with, testifies a record on the pedestal for the icon of a goddess Ara on which it is written: “The union of the stonemasons (erects) to Artemida Elafavoli (a goddess of hunt)”. That leads us to a fact that the “Cyclops” walls, as they are still called, the bulwarks of Ulcinj, were erected by the Greek masons. The town, which was made by the Greeks, was ruined in the earthquake in the V century, so for the now – day look of the Old town Ulcinj, the credit mostly goes to Romans, who built a new town in the VI century. With the Old town many stories are connected. Up to the year 19000 in Ulcinj 100 black people lived. For the arrivals of the first men of black complexion the most important is the period when Ulcinj, that is, at that time Port Valdanos was a pirate asylum. Because of the trading of slaves from the countries of the Mediterranean, the main square in Ulcinj even today carries a name Slave Square. Also, even today you can hear a story that the famous Spanish writer Miguel de Servantes was one of the imprisoned pirate captives and slaves in Ulcinj. In Ulcinj Servantes has spent 5 years. Later, on his returning to his homeland, Servantes writes his famous work named “Don Quixote”. It is supposed that the two female characters that are mentioned in that work are precisely inspired by the Servantes` imprisonment in Ulcinj.

History

According to historical data Ulcinj is fro sure one of the oldest towns on the Adriatic coast. It is thought that Ulcinj is more that 2.000 years old. In this area for centuries the cultures of Orient and the West collided, which by the richness of the historical inheritance, can be felt in every step. As the tracks of the first settlements in Ulcinj appear even before V century B.C. it is considered that Ulcinj was founded by Illyrians, the people of the Indo-European origin. At the time of the free Illyrian state, Ulcinj experiences its greatest bloom. The original name of Ulcinj was Kolhinijum, and it got such name by Kolhidians (a tribe of Greek origin) for which is thought that they are the founders of the old Ulcinj Lake. Before the year 162 B.C. Ulcinj is ruled over by an Illyrian tribe Olcinijantas, which in the II century B.C., was conquered by the Romans, so the ancient Colchinijum becomes Olcinijum.

During the time of the Roman Empire Ulcinj receives a status of a town with special privileges (Opida civijum romanorum), in order to later become a town with temporarily independent status a Municipium.

After the division of the Roman Empire Ulcinj belonged to province Prevalis, which was a part of the East Empire, and the inhabitants becomes Christian. Because of an extraordinary geographical location, mild climate and relief, Ulcinj has been for centuries a target for the conquerors. That Montenegrin town at the utmost south was frequently ruined during the wars. Byzantium emperor Justinijan, has renewed and rebuilt Ulcinj, while Nemanjici, Balsici, Venetians and Turks have widened the town with new buildings. In the year 1183 Ulcinj was taken over by the Great Serbian rector Stefan Nemanja, and in that period Ulcinj becomes one of the most significant coastal towns. As well as in the era of the Duklja rulers (since the IX century and on), Ulcinj is a distinguished coastal town with mixed Slav, Albanian and Roman citizens. Ulcinj was not a permanent capital of the rulers and co-rulers of Zeta and the Coast, but the potentates of Zeta and the Coast had their residences in that town. Especially in the period of the reign of Duklja and the state of Nemanjic, Ulcinj gains a medieval character. At that time Ulcinj was an important trading and naval center with the autonomy of the town inside the Raska state.

The political significance of Ulcinj was very distinct in the era of Balsici, especially in the era of Djuradj Stratimirovic Balsic (1385 1403). In a dash at the end of the XIII century even the Mongolians, who performed an unsuccessful siege of the town, attacked Ulcinj. After the failure Mongolians have ruined the town Svac (close to Ulcinj today a dead town), and murdered all of its citizens. After the fall of the state of Zeta in 1405, Ulcinj is taken over by the Venetians and they rule for 150 years. Ulcinj was under Turk reign until 1571, when it definitely falls into hands of a heavy Turkish hand. Compared to the adjacent towns on the Coast, Ulcinj has fairly late fell into the reign of Otoman control, 90 years after the fall of Herceg Novi (1482 1483) As during the reign of Venetian Republic Ulcinj had an evidential fortification, strategic, naval and economic and political significance, the Turkish conquerors continued to develop strategic goals. Still, during the era of the Turkish reign over the town, Ulcinj gains a completely Oriental look. Mosques, Turkish baths, drinking fountains, watch towers, inns and burial chambers are being built. Everything in towns is adjusting to the new masters. Ulcinj was also famous as a place of a long and rich naval and merchant tradition. In this town sailing reached its top rise in XVII, XVIII, and during the XIX century. The naval trade of people from Ulcinj with their own boats took place in bigger harbors and trading centers of the Adriatic coast, Levant and the Mediterranean. During the era of Turkish reign (1571 1880) Ulcinj with its trading fleet has become the main pillar of Otoman Empire on the Mediterranean. Brave and skilful mariners from Ulcinj have poorly acknowledged the state reign of the Turks. Until the proclamation of Mehmed Busatlija for the Grand Vizier of Skadar, Ulcinj was like a small republic. It is written that the Grand Vizier of Skadar in deceit, to restrain the piracy, which at that time grew more and more, in port Valdanos sank liners form Ulcinj, after which people from Ulcinj officially recognize the Turkish reign.

During the era of the Montenegrin reign (1880 1918) in Ulcinj, 107 sailing boast were registered. People from Ulcinj were skilful mariners and good ship wrighters. In the XVII century the fleet of Ulcinj had 500 two master ships, which sailed across the Mediterranean Sea. Many wars have imperiled the development of the Ulcinj fleet. In the XIV century Ulcinj was known by 400 pirates from Malta, Tunis, and Algeria who have inhabited Ulcinj after the Kanidian war (1669), so Ulcinj has turned into a dangerous pirate nest, which remained a characteristic of the town during the XVII and XVIII century as well. After almost 300 years, at the beginning of the 1878 Ulcinj is freed from the Turks, and after the decision in Berlin congress on the November 10 1880, Ulcinj is annexed to the Principality of Montenegro. The First World War Ulcinj waited as an integral town of the former Montenegrin Principality. Even though the King and the Prince of the Montenegro, Nikola I Petrovic Njegos, at the beginning of the XX century moved one part of the Christian citizenship, in Ulcinj Islamic citizenship, that was loyal to the Principality of Montenegro, still prevailed. As in many other towns of the Montenegrin Coast in Ulcinj too the vortex of the Second World War was felt.

In the year 1941 German and Italian troupes conquered the entire Montenegro, and stayed in it until the crash of Nazism at the end of 1944, when partisan troupes liberated the utmost south town on the Montenegrin Coast Ulcinj. Beside its rich cultural and historical heritage this ancient town is famous for its multiethnic and multinational structure of the citizens who through history was united and offered resistance to the conqueror, especially during the Second World War. On those, for Ulcinj very important historical days, remind many commemorative plaques and busts all over town. After the Second World War the renewal of all towns on the Montenegrin Coast as well as Ulcinj began. The great tourist potential which Ulcinj with the surroundings has even today, was and remained a great chance for a successful development of the most important economic branch in Montenegro tourism.. Today, Ulcinj is a famous multiethnic and tourist town in the South of Montenegro, which from year to year marks greater and greater number of domestic and foreign tourists.

Legend

As many other states, places or towns are recognizable for its historical events, famous individuals, fairy tales or stories, Ulcinj and people from Ulcinj are famous for various and especially pirate ones.

Through the history, Ulcinj has been for many centuries a pirate nest. The town starting from the XIV century has began to be inhabited by the pirates from Malta, Tunis, and Algeria. The coastal part, from the present Ulcinj all the way to Kotor, was the pirate nest. The pirates, especially during the XVII and XVIII century, have represented fear on the sea. Pirate gangs have become so powerful that they attacked various trading ships that sailed under various ensigns; they have robbed them and quickly sailed in their bulwarks, which they made along the entire Ulcinj Coast. The greatest damage of the dangerous attacks of pirate commanders among whom the most famous were brothers Karamindzoja, Lika Ceni, Ali hodza and others, suffered the Venetian fleet. Beside the invasions and robberies on trading ships, pirates from Ulcinj were famous by the trading of black slaves. Because of that fact a great number of inhabitants in Ulcinj were black people from different African countries. Among old people from Ulcinj even today it is mentioned how until 1878 in Ulcinj 100 black people lived, as well as the fact that among the slaves in the dungeons a famous writer Servantes dwelled, by whom one of the Ulcinj squares is named Slave square. Still, the most famous and the most gladly retold story among people from Ulcinj even today is the legend of famous pirate Liko Cena.

Liko Cena a man from Ulcinj was the most famous pirate chief. Everyday with his pirate army he attacked different trading ships, and sometimes even the entire fleets. One time Liko Cena with his company sank a ship on which there were pilgrims who traveled to a pilgrimage in Mecca. It was a very tragic event, which echoed even past Ulcinj. Namely, when the Turkish sultan heard of the great accident, he ordered that Liko Cena must be found and imprisoned. Sultan also proclaimed that he'd richly award the one who catches or kills Liko Cena. But, exactly then on the sea appeared another, also very dangerous pirate Lambro or Aralampija as he was otherwise called. Originally from Greece, Lambro knew the sea very well, and he was thought to be a skilful pirate. Very dangerous and fearless, Lambro quickly became a real sea monster' for many trading ships and naval fleets. The news of Lambro`s misdeeds quickly got to the Turkish sultan. As the damages which Lambro`s company committed were immense, and sultan soon proclaimed that he will give a rich reward to the one who catches or kills Lambro. However, the time went by and the sultan could find Lambro. The only thing that at that moment was left to him to do was to send a message to Liko Cena in which he is saying that he'll forgive him everything if he manages to destroy Lambro. Sultan soon did that, and Liko Cena with pleasure accepted the call, binding himself in front of the sultan that he'll either catch Lambro or die. After some time, there comes a duel in which Liko Cena manages to kill Lambro.

For the favor he has done and for the loyalty, Turkish sultan spares Liko Cena`s life, by giving him the title of the captain. Famous men from Ulcinj, descendants of Liko Cena, were also distinguished captains. The legend of Liko Cena, among people is even toady mentioned as am unusual event, so people from Ulcinj from generation to generation tell the story of how the most famous bandit from Ulcinj thanks to the destiny became a captain.

Culture

Ulcinj is one of the oldest towns on the Adriatic Coast which for 25 years has been withstood the ravages of time. Through the centuries of the stored variety of cultures and civilizations merged in a compound. Ulcinj is like a little paradise on earth, a timelessly carved in the centuries of bloody battles, defiance, pride and love of all of those who have visited this place at least once in their life. The earliest tracks lead us to prehistoric time when Ulcinj belonged to Illyrians, a people of the Indo-European origin. The town, whose walls were often ruined in wars, was also at same speed renewed by all of those who because of the extreme beauty of this ancient town found their piece in it, building for themselves fortresses and residences.

The ancient Colchinium or Olcinijum, as Ulcinj was called in the period of Greek and Roman Empire, is mentioned in the written records of Plinije Older in his work Naturalis Historiae and in his works Tit Livije also mentions Ulcinj. In the earliest period fro the cultural and historical development of Ulcinj the name of the Byzantium Emperor Justinijan is mentioned. He renewed and built fortresses in Ulcinj, and after the era of his reign, after the year 1100, the same things were done by famous rulers which ruled one part of the former Montenegro and the Coast like: Nemanjici, Balsici, Venetians, and Turks. In the year 1183 Ulcinj becomes the most famous naval center in the Adriatic Sea, and somewhere about the same time a famous tower of Balsici was built.

Even though Ulcinj was never a capital of the Montenegrin rulers, the historical evidence leads us to conclusions that Ulcinj with the surroundings was a favorite destination of the rulers of Zeta, who used that town as some kind of a residence. In the year 1252 in Ulcinj the son of the King of Zeta Vukan, Djordjije who had a title Princeps Diocliae reigns. In the year 1281 in Ulcinj its resort found also the sister of the Queen Jelena Balsic, Marija, else French, a widow of the well-known French Duke Anselm se Chaurusa. She has a title Domina Ulcini. Marija's tomb was located in front of the altar of the Holy mother of God's church or Marko`s church in Ulcinj Also, the Queen Jelena, historically more famous as the widow of Uros I Nemanjic, with her sister Marija often used to stay in Ulcinj. The confirmation of their linkage with that town was a Franciscan convent, which the sisters built together in the year 1278.

Another Jelena, a great ruler and the widow of the Serbian Emperor Dusan, loved to stay in Ulcinj. Jelena for several years has even reigned over Ulcinj. Also in that town, in which he used to have a throne, famous ruler Djuradj Stratimirovic Balsic (1358 1403) is buried. In the time of the ruling era of families Nemanjic and Balsic, Ulcinj was famous for its mint factories of bronze and silver money.

In the quick onset on their fast horses in 1242 a Mongolian crowd from the central Asian areas came under the very walls of Ulcinj. As the attack of the Mongolians on the Old town of Ulcinj was unsuccessful, Mongolian government has attacked the neighboring Svac. Historically and culturally important fact is that the famous Svac was ruined by the Mongolians and killed all of their inhabitants. The town Svac, otherwise bishopric town, had 365 churches, as many churches as there are days in a year, so in the XIII century Queen Jelena Balsic renewed it. The Italian writers Djustinijani (1533) and Bici (1610) made written records of that event. The important fact for the cultural development of Ulcinj is that after the naval battle at Lapant (1571) in the Mediterranean Sea, in Ulcinj a famous Spanish writer Miguel de Servantes Savedra, who later wrote a world famous novel Don Quixote was imprisoned. It is supposed that the famous Servantes to his protagonist Don Quixote, in the same named novel, gave a lover named Dilcinee, a girl whose origin is from Ulcinj and who carried the name of the former name of Ulcinj- Cita de Dolcino, with whom Servanets was in lived with. Servants has spent almost 5 years in Ulcinj, and it is thought that together with the other slaves he was sold on a place which for them is called Slave square or Servantes`s square and it is located in the Old town. The staying of the famous Spanish writer in Ulcinj is interesting also because of the fact that the pirates who bought him, thought that Servatnes comes from a noble family, so for his ransom they have asked for much more money, so it took his family 5 years to collect that sum of money. Ulcinj, in fact Its Old town has in the past welcomed a famous reformer Sabati Cevi (1626 1676) who stayed in the well-known edifice tower of Balsici. Cevi is known in history as a promoter of Talmudo (The Holy Jewish Book).

To Cevi, according to the sources, Ulcinj was a last resort because around the year 1676 after converting himself to Islam, living as an exile, Cevi died in Ulcinj as Mehmed effendi. Today the preserved holy burial chamber of Mehmed effendi, is located in the yard of the family Manic, and it represents an eternal house of one of the greatest rebels of the XVII century. His tomb is preserved as sanctity. Cevi continued to live after death in the literary works. The face and the character of the controversial Jewish writer, as people conceive Cevi, appeared in the literary works of the literary great man like: Isak Basevic Singer (the novel The Slave) or an academic Erih Kos in the novel In the Search for Messiah. The name and the significance of the Sabati Cevi are mentioned in the work David's Star, of the famous Montenegrin literate and academic Zuvdija Hodzic. Ulcinj was interesting because of the health care tourism, so even in the 1925 in that town a scientific gathering took place, in which a famous German professor, otherwise, director of the Institute for the tropical diseases Doctor Not participated, and who thrilled with the region which surrounded Ulcinj stated: that never in his life he saw a region richer with stars than Ulcinj, adding that the value of Ulcinj for the human organism is very great and diverse, which once again proves that the staying in Ulcinj and its surrounding heals both soul and body. Considering the fact that Ulcinj is famous for its development of the crafts work, this town is a birthplace of Mrio Surla, a Montenegrin African and the son of the legendary photographer from Ulcinj Rizo Surla. Beside the skillful manufacture of the beautiful photographs of Ulcinj and the surroundings, Mario is famous as a passionate fisherman and a great Boehm. It is interesting to point out that the first settlers from the family Surla have come to Ulcinj 400 years ago as slaves. For the tourist development of the town of great importance are personalities like: Doctor Maksut Hadzibrahimovic, a scientific and expert worker, then tourist and public worker Dzelal Hodzic, and the president of the Union of the Albanians doctor Gani Karamanga. For the cultural development of Ulcinj and the surroundings the name of the Montenegrin painter Milo Pavlovic is connected, who has created his work and still creates in Ulcinj and whose face and work are famous even beyond the borders of Montenegro.

Nature

With its location Ulcinj takes the farthest South part of the Adriatic coast, and it is situated in the southeast part of the Montenegro. Because of the outstanding natural and geographic characteristics, Ulcinj with its surroundings belongs to the marginal subtopic zone of the European Mediterranean. With its South part, of length of 30 kilometers Ulcinj comes out on the Adriatic Sea, and on its East part River Bojana is situated. In the central part of Ulcinj there is Sasko Lake, and in the bay the massif of mountain Rumija shelters Ulcinj.

With nearly 20 kilometers of the beach, of which 15 km nice sandy ones, with over 6000 h of the cultivable soil, olive grows of about 88.000 trunks, healing features of the sand, mud and mineral sulfide waters (which got biggest marks from the eminent domestic and foreign experts and institutes), Ulcinj represents a respectable economically tourist potential for the development of all types of tourism (elite, nautical, and health one), and agriculture as a comparative branch. The area of 255 km2, which Ulcinj with the surroundings has, is a unique example of unusual beauty: endless sandy beaches, azure blue sea, rivers, lakes, mountains and dense vegetation. On the North of Ulcinj a coastal mountain Mozura (622m) is spread, and behind it is a part of the mountain massif of Rumija. On the East part of Ulcinj streams river Bojana, which by water way connects Ulcinj with Albania. West of Ulcinj there is a well known coastal town and the Montenegrin harbor, Bar. The shore of Ulcinj, from the bay Kruca to the mouth of the River Bojana, is 32.7 km long. Ulcinj lies on the open sea. The highest mountain peak is Kozjak (1.427 m height above sea level). The area on which town was founded and on which it is still developing is very alpine. The foothill of the hills Pinjes (108m), Mendre (164m), and Bijela Gora (289m) constitute that area. On the East part of Ulcinj there are fields with lakes, swamps, little rivers as well as long sandy beaches.

Because of the very suitable climate, on a tourist map of Europe for a long time Ulcinj has been recognized as a perfect climate summer and winter resort. Ulcinj is typified by the moderately Mediterranean climate and subtropical vegetation. Such climate understands an abundance of light and warmth, with 2.700 sunny hours per year. Ulcinj is for sure one of the sunniest places of the Adriatic coast. The average yearly temperature of air is 16.5C o , so Ulcinj is considered to be a much warmer place compared to other towns on the Montenegrin coast. The summers in Ulcinj are pleasant, and are not too warm, because for the constant flow of air, in that town there are very few tropical days. Air temperature reaches 38 C o , while in July the approximate air temperature is 25.2 C o . during the summer period the sun warms up to 11.5 hours during the day. Sunbathing and swimming in Ulcinj lasts for 6 months, from May until October. The equalized temperatures of the sea and the air (from 22 to 26C o ), allow whole day enjoyment in swimming in delightful water of the Ulcinj bay and sunbathing on the healing beaches of the Ulcinj coast Winters in Ulcinj are mild, snow rarely falls, and the air temperatures is only 10 Co. Springs as well as autumns come pretty early and are mostly warm with moderate temperatures both of air and sea(in the spring the temperature is !4 and in the autumn it is 17C o ). The South coast to which Ulcinj belongs is considered to be the clearest area of the Mediterranean. The average yearly humidity is 67%, except that in July it reaches 63%, and in May and November 71 71 %, which shows a regular ratio of the temperature and the air humidity. The average amount of the precipitation, exclusively rain, is 134 mm/m 2 . The most characteristic winds are: the tempest, the south wind, and the mistral. The tempest blows from the Northeast direction. Usually it is a cold wind, which blows late in autumn and late in winter. The costal wind better known as the south wind or sirocco, blows in Ulcinj in autumn, winter or in spring and it brings rain. That wind usually makes big waves on the sea. The wind mistral comes from the direction west southwest. It is a pleasant wind, which brings refreshment from the heat in the warmest summer hours. The greatest intensity, with which mistral can blow is 10 m/sec.

The climate in Ulcinj has contributed to a creation of three vegetative regions: evergreen (which includes the vegetation from 300 m height), mixed (up to 500 m height) and submontane one (above 500 m height). Vegetation regions have made conditions for the development of various kinds of fruit, vegetable and other sorts. In the evergreen region olives, figs, oranges, lemons, almond, kiwi and Japanese apples thrive best. In the mixed vegetation region chestnut, pomegranate, mulberry tree, grape vine and corn are bred. In the submonteane region corn, tobacco, pears and plums thrive best. Still, in the entire area of Ulcinj mostly the autochthonic fruit sort olive, from which for centuries in the area of Montenegrin coast oil of high quality is made, is bred. The households of Ulcinj mostly breed and collect olives, and in the cove Valdanos there are big parcels on which a great number of olive trees are planted. The season of collecting olives and producing high quality edible oil, usually lasts from November to February, but olive oil extracted by squeezing olive fruit, in a glass package, in the basements can be kept for several years, without the fear that its color, nutritional value and quality will change. Beside the olive tree Ulcinj coast is rich with south kinds of oaks, Mediterranean conifers, with wide treetop, among which the most typical representatives are white and black pine, marquis (laurel, myrtle, rosemary, and European holly) but also decorative exotic plants like palm tree, agaves, cypresses, and mimosas. In the fauna of Ulcinj mostly wild animals like: fox, wolfs, wild boar, rabbit, marten, squirrel prevail, and in the mountain region you can see wild dog (jackal).

For those who can resist the real call of nature, a real recommendation is the Ulcinj salt work factory. Because of the spacious, shallow and well-sunbathed pools, the salt work factory reminds on lagoons in tropical seas. This place in recent years is recognizable in both Europe and the World, as a favorite meeting place of funs of bird watching observation of birds. Still, in the time of picking, in the sections of the salt work factory, it is being transferred and tones of high quality, far famous salt is being packed, and because of that fact the salt work factory is considered a highly productive agricultural object. Salt work factory in Ulcinj is a unique ecosystem, which encompasses the area of 15 kilometers and gives ideal conditions for the hibernation and feeding of birds. During the winter months in the salt work factory more than 20.000 birds, mostly from the family of woodcocks is being registered. At the area around the salt work factory hibernate also: pelicans, ducks, cormorants, prey birds and songbirds. Also, in that area the rarest birds of the Montenegrin ornitoflora like for e.g. long footed goosefoot dwell, and in the area around the salt work factory its young ones grows Sheldrake, otherwise very rare bird which comes from the North areas. The unique, very dense woods of tamaris surround salt work factory in Ulcinj. In the past in the place where today salt work factory is located there used to be a swampy and very shallow soil of Zoganjsko Lake, which got its name by the Albanian river Zog which means bird. A famous researcher of birds of Montenegro, Ljudevit Firer at the end of the XIX century, wrote a record that in the area of the salt work factory at that time there were 39 nests of pelicans and numerous other birds. The experts for the world ecosystems have pointed out that the salt lake factory is also protected as an economic subject that there is no free access to that area, that the birds can be observed only from the car, and that the most significant ecological factor is peace.

However, beside birds in Ulcinj, more precisely in the mouth of the River Bojana, very attractive is also fishing of a fish called LICA, a big predator and a great fighter, whose pieces sometimes weight over 20 kg. Kind hosts will always gladly take you by boat to hunting and lead you in to the small secrets. If you are a hunter, underwater fisherman, fisherman etc. on River Bojana and on Porto Milena you can see numerous calimeras. Calimeras are ancient houses with attractive devices for a specific way of hunting fish, which has effectively kept until nowadays in this area. Aquatorium of Ulcinj is very rich with fish. A long time ago in the bay in big quantities was caught: sardella (sardine pilchardus lat.) while today there are found mostly: arbun (pagellus erythrinus lat.), surmullet (mullus barbutus lat.), sea perch (dicentrachus labrax), thin bleak (diplodus sargus lat.), sapa (sarpa salpa lat.), Canada thistle (sarda sarda lat.), and gof (seriola dumerili lat.). In a smaller number in Ulcinj aquatorium there are still: European cuttlefish, octopus, shells, crabs, oysters and finger like fishes.

 

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