Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Churches, Cathedrals and Palaces in Kotor

What Kotor is most famous for is the old town cathedral of Sveti Tripun (St. Tirpun). That temple is mentioned for the first time in IX century, when the relics of the Sveti Tirpun, who died in martyrdom in the era of the Roman emperor Decije, in the III century, were brought in it. The chroniclers testify that that temple most probably disappeared in the fire, in the X century, and it was rebuilt in the XII century. The cathedral of Sveti Tripun was built in the Romanic style, with the elements of the Byzantium architecture. It survived several earthquakes, so its appearance also changed. Especially visible on the cathedral are the elements of renascence and baroque. European Union and organization Europa Nostra, gave in the year 2002 to the cathedral a diploma for the great reconstruction and great seismic security measures of the oldest Romanic cathedral on the Adriatic coast. As the most important monument and symbol of the Old town, the cathedral of Sveti Tripun, ahs a rich treasury of the precious tings among which we have: a gilded altar, baroque frescoes, and a great number of ornaments of great value.

Cathedral in Kotor

The church of Sveti Nikola is the most significant Orthodox Church in Kotor. It is located in the North part of the town; it was built at the beginning of the XX century, on the basis of the old edifice which was ruined in the fire in the XIX century. Nearby is the church treasury with a rich fund of icons, artistic crafts, documents and church gowns. The church owns other numerous valuable things which were mostly given by the wealthy Kotor families.

The church of Sveti Luka is also situated in the old town. It was built during the reign of the Serbian dynasty Nemanjic, at the en of the XII century. Until the middle of the XVII century the church of Sveti Luka was the main catholic temple, in order for it to become an Orthodox Church facility after the war with the Turks. It turned into an Orthodox Church because the number of the Orthodox people in Kotor suddenly increased. Still, catholic believers had their altar in that temple until the first half of the XIX century.

In the middle part of the Old town there is church Sveti Mihailo (St. Michael), which has the present day appearance from the end of the XIV century. The archeological remains show that on the place of the today’s church of Sveti Mihailo, there used to be a significantly larger edifice in the XII century. In the east part of Old Kotor, is church of Sveta Ana. Considering the fact that it was added onto several times, it can not be determined precisely when was it built. The experts for the reconstruction of the old edifices have still managed to some to the record that the older part of the church of Sveta Ana, was built in XIII century, and the newer one in the XIV century. The church is characterized by several saints to whom it was dedicated: Sevti Martin, Sveta Venerada and today Sveta Ana.

The interior of the Old town in Kotor is characteristic by the famous church of Sveta Marija Koledjate (The Lady of Health), in Kotor more famous by the name Sveta Ozana. It was built at the beginning of the XIII century. During the centuries it had several changes. Under that church researchers have discovered the oldest archeological edifice that was ever found – an early Christian basilica from the VI century A.D. Among the numerous monuments, in Old town of Kotor, there are also churches of Sveti Josip (St. Joseph), Gospa od Andjela (Lady of Angels), and Sveti Pavle (St. Pavli).

To the monuments in the Old town of Kotor we should add a city tower which originates from the XVII century, with the pillory in front of it, and a clock mechanism which is a part of the edifice. Nearby the tower is also the Tower of the city watch. Prince’s palace, and the City Theatre, which was the first theatre that started to work in the XIX century on the Balkans.

Kotor Palace

Kotor is famous by numerous palaces, which are characteristic by the Romanic and baroque ornaments, wall decorations and a great number of the heraldry of the families by whom the palaces got their names or to whom they belonged to.

Among numerous palaces we have some that stand out. Palace Bizanti, in the Romanic style, is situated next to the Tower of the City watch, and it originates from the XIV century. Baroque palace Grgurin, is found in the central part of the Old town. It was built at the beginning of the XVIII century. The famous Kotor family Buca, has built a palace Buca in the XIV century, which during the centuries has been added onto several times, and later it belonged to the family Pskvali. In the vicinity we also have one of the most noble city houses, which originate from the XIV century, palace Vrakjen. That palace mostly retained its original appearance. In the vicinity of the cathedral Sveti Tripun is palace Drago, which was built in the Xv century, in baroque and Gothic style. Still, according to the opinion of many people, the most beautiful Kotor palace is the palace Pima, which is characteristic by its Gothic style, and some baroque elements. Pima family, which owned the same named palace, lived in Kotor from Xiv to XVIII century. The present day appearance palace got at the end of the XVII century.

Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Events in Kotor

The faithful devotees to culture, as well as the organizers of the manifestations in the open, have been trying for years to bring to Kotor as many tourists and guests, who are more than thrilled with numerous happenings, like traditional Kotor manifestations are: carnivals, masked balls, fisherman’s or religious fiestas, numerous cultural events intended for all generations. If those are the reasons for your visit to Kotor, than quickly and easily, at one place, and in one town, you will fell the cheeriness, good mood and you will fill your senses with positive energy.

People from Kotor will agree in the notion that the calendar year in their town stars with positive vibrations, contributing in such way that all following days in Kotor are spent in joy and celebration.

Day of Sveti Tripun (St. Tripun)

The festivities on the occasion of the day of Sveti Tripun (St. Tripun) – a recently renewed tradition, which originates from the IX century. The festivities in the glory of the protector of the town, Sveti Tripun, start at the beginning of January, and they end in the first days of February. On the location in front of the old Kotor Cathedral of Sveti Tripun, Boka Navy first dances a folk circle, then it is followed by a mass, and a procession through the town. The festivities are followed by the review of church choirs, city music, and dances of the folklore ensembles. The believers and those who respect the cult of Sveti Tripun can bow to the relics that are kept and preserved in the Cathedral that carries the name of Sveti Tripun.

Kotor carnival

Kotor carnival – is held in February. The tradition of organizing of carnival fiestas was interrupted in the period of the WW II. The organization of the carnivals again began in 1960’s and it lasts until nowadays. Carnival fiesta and the entertainment in Kotor are originally called “FESTANJE” (CELEBRATION). Months before the carnival original masks are being sown. As the mask is a parody to reality masks are more and more interesting from year to year. Except the carnival, we have the happenings on the Kotor’s Riva, streets, squares, hotels which include mask balls for children and adults, with the tasting of the specialties of the Kotor cuisine, music concerts and theater plays. Traditional Kotor carnival fiestas are the greatest entertainment manifestation in Montenegro. Kotor carnival is visited by several thousands of people. Except the carnival troupes from Kotor and other coastal towns of Montenegro, Kotor carnival receives many carnival groups from Europe and the world.

Camellia’s days

Camellia’s days – manifestation, for which hardworking Kotor’s housewives and flower growers from Boka Kotorska prepare themselves over the entire year. That manifestation is held in March. In the honor of a beautiful flower, camellia, which during the spring decorates all Kotor gardens, exhibitions of flowers are being held, art exhibitions, theater plays and many other things. Still, the most significant thing to point out is the “Camellia’s ball” and the selection of the Lady of camellia. Usually that is some famous female personality, whom the social engagement, and sacrifice and the achievements in the previous year make a candidate for the title of the “Lady of Camellia”. On that inspection a great number of cultural employees, people who respect flowers and camellia growers gather.

Festival of the underwater movie

Festival of the underwater movie – for several years in Kotor during June, there is an introspection of the movies which were made to promote the richness of the sea aquatorium of Montenegro, and also to depict through the screen the underwater of Montenegro and the allures of diving and research of the sea bottom. Except the movies from Montenegro at the introspection you can see movies about the underwater from the countries from the surrounding and also from some European countries.

Kotor’ summer fiestas

Kotor’ summer fiestas – take place during July. For the funs of god sound, classic and spiritual music, chamber and instrumental music, the most interesting festivity is KOTOR PRO ARTE. That manifestation is marked by the concerts that are usually held in Kotor churches, and concert halls. The devotees of culture are given the possibility to hear many concerts of great world music creators. The halls for concert music in Kotor, on those days, are filled with the sounds of music which used to be performed in the European courts.

Child’s festival

Child’s festival – that manifestation is held at the beginning of July. It is dedicated to children, to the love we have for them, and their wishes. All those feelings are demonstrated by children’s authors, poets, play directors and others who magnify child with their work. On the improvised stages, on the squares of Old town in Kotor, for days we have a succession of children – actors and adult actors who are preparing the plays for children. The verses and the stories from the books are read by the writers and poets, not just from Montenegro but also from the countries from the region and from abroad. Kotor is filled with children and their parents, who joyously walk around, singing the newest child compositions, and observing the child programs.

International fashion festival

International fashion festival – during July Kotor is more and more recognized for fashion happenings. The fashion festival lasts for several days and it gathers fashion designers from Montenegro, surrounding countries and from abroad. The dominant creators are the renowned Italian creators and their newest creations. The introspection of fashion exists in Kotor for already several years, and until now among others it received: Dolce & Gabanna, Pal Zileri, Prada, Armani, Ferre, Versace etc. Beside the devotes of modern fashion trends and nice dressing, on those days Kotor is also a meeting place of businessman, actors, owners of the fashion industries, and other personalities from the world of jet set.

Fasinada

Fasinada – is another manifestation, which is held in July in Kotor, more specifically in the place called Perast. The festivity includes the ritual procession which is made of decorated boats and barges, which traditionally goes around the Island Gospa od Skrpjela in Perast. The festivity of FASINADA includes also the traditional decant of stones, which are brought to the island by the barges, and then thrown out around the shore. The festivity, which is followed by the folk music, is performed by men solely. According to an old custom, in the evening hours on the island a fish dinner is being prepared.

August in Kotor is also in the sign of numerous festivities. The atmosphere of the winter happenings, into the summer ones, is being transferred by the INTERNATIONAL SUMMER FESTIVAL, held in August. Like the winter carnival, the summer carnival is intended for fun and celebration in the streets and on the squares of Kotor. This manifestation has been created in the last few years, in order to depict to the tourists the pleasure of the street parties and to give them the possibility of sensing the spirit of Kotor and the joy which lasts in that town for centuries. Numerous carnival groups take part in the carnival, and on those days Kotor is a reminder that with certainty it is a town of great importance.

Bokeska noc (Boka’s night)

Bokeska noc (Boka’s night) – is another August manifestation in Kotor, known for the boat defile, which are being decorated for days. The boats cruise along the Kotor harbor, in a defile, decorated with the lampions. At the same time when the decorated barges move one behind the other slowly, on Kotor squares we have party, music, dance and joyous atmosphere. At the end of the night the best decorated barge is being chosen, and Boka’s night ends with a solemn fireworks.

International music clapper meeting

International music clapper meeting – music festivity held at the end of August, which has the meeting of the competitors in the clapper singing. This festivity is held in the place called Perast, close to Kotor. Clapper singing is a special kind of musical expression, that is, of singing, which is common for the areas of the South Adriatic, that is, it is prevalent in Dalmatia, and Boka Kotorska. The clappers from Montenegro are joined by the clappers from Croatia, in the traditional folk singing. Manifestation usually lasts for three days, and it has the characteristics of a competition.

Among the first, Kotor started the organization of the New Year’s holidays in the open. People from Kotor are still loyal to that tradition. During the several days of the New Year’s holidays (31st December, 1st and 2nd January), people from Kotor are being entertained on the Kotor squares by the local pop, rock and other music bands and gatherings. Those are mostly young, and most probably future great Montenegrin talents.

Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Kotor – Tours

According to opinions of the experts, Kotor should develop itself in cultural tourism. During the summer the Old town of Kotor is visited by several thousands of domestic and foreign tourists. In the last two years, during the tourist season, interesting guest visits came from France. Tourists came by the boat “Jason” through Croatia, and they spend their day touring through the Old town or they travel by buses which is a part of the organized excursions, meeting the most interesting part of Montenegro in that way. The foreign tourists come to Kotor also by a Croatian boat “Dalmacija”.

Similar trips are offered by almost all the domestic tourist agencies in Kotor. The most interesting are the trips to the Montenegrin capital, a historical and cultural nucleus of Montenegro – Cetinje. You also have trips to Ulcinj’s Velika plaza (Big beach), and Skadar Lake. Numerous agencies or individuals offer also visits to Montenegrin monasteries and churches all over Montenegro. A large number of agencies every day offer also the trips to other towns on the Montenegrin coast. We can single out visits to Budva, Bar, Herceg Novi, and Ulcinj. Also, you have interesting tourist arrangements which include a visit to Skadar Lake, famous monasteries and breaks for lunch in interesting restaurants or motels. Tourist agencies offer organized travels to Croatia, more specifically to ancient Dubrovnik. The information about the trips you can get in the Tourist organization of Kotor, tourist agencies or directly from the owners of the taxi vans and organizers of such travels. You can mostly find them along the city Riva or at the places which are intended for taxi drivers. Also very interesting are cruises with taxi barges or boats to Herceg Novi or Budva, which, if you decide to have such a cruise, is easy to organize from Kotor.

 

Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Entertainment in Kotor

Of all the towns on the Montenegrin coast, by the number of cafés Kotor is number one. Beside the city cafés, Kotor has a great number of open cafés, which are situated mostly along the shore, and are especially visited in summer nights. They are most often visited by young people who are craving for entertainment and fast life style, but it is not rare that you can meet also older people, who wish to sense the spirit of youth, to drink a cappuccino, espresso, or ness cafe, which is solely served in Kotor cafés or café terraces. In the vicinity of the Old town, the most famous Kotor discothèque “Secondo porto” is situated, which is visited late at night by young people and those who yearn for contemporary music dances and popular music. Discothèque guarantees a complete indulgence, relaxation, and satisfaction. During the summer months there is also another discothèque that works and that is discothèque Malibu. So you can see that the night life in Kotor is very active.

For those who are in more serious ages of life, Kotor offers nice facilities such as open terraces, in which traditional Montenegrin specialties are served. In Kotor you can also find a great number of restaurants which offer tasteful fish specialties, in which you can also spend pleasant nights in a comfortable and pleasing atmosphere with someone you love or with some close friends.

In decent restaurants with the sounds of old town music, Mediterranean notes and traditional sound of Montenegrin folk music, you will for sure have a top notch entertainment.

Kotor is specific also by the traditional spirit of its citizens. The sparkling spirit of people from Kotor is noticeable in every place in the town, and what is most interesting is the loud talk of people from Kotor, when they meet some old and some new friends. That loud talk is known under a term CAKULANJE (parley).

The entertainment life in Kotor is made special by a great number of music concerts, which are organized in some of the museums, old Kotor churches and halls for concert music playing. During the summer months there are a large number of fisherman’s fiestas that are organized in Kotor. In Kotor we also have carnivals, summer nights in which various kinds of entertainments, starting from children entertainments to manifestations for young people and plays for the adults, which are being organized.

Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Recreation in Kotor

If you are looking for an ideal place for rest from the fast way of life, then you mandatory have to visit Kotor. The morning life is pretty much fixed, and all the streets, of both Old town and city Riva, in the evenings become over flown with the walkers and all those to whom nights out represent a rule which is not to be broken.

The main place where everyone meets is city Riva, along which you can often see the people that you have just met or where you can make new contacts and acquaintances. From the city Riva further on you have a narrow traffic street or the “lower road ” towards the place called Dobrota, which is about 7 km long, and is ideal for walkers, bicycle riders as well as for jogging.

During the summer especially interesting places are Prcanj, Stoliv, Perast, and Risan. Those places are found from both sides of Kotor harbor. It is as if they were made for the lovers of relaxation and quietude. Considering the fact that in Kotor there are bi sandy beaches, you can easily get a ride to some of the Tivat beaches by taxis, taxi vans, barges or boats. In Tivat the beaches are numerous but we will leave the choice to you. We will only suggest some of them: Plavi horizonti, Kalardovo, or Oblatno.

If that is not the destination to which you wish to go, you can go towards Herceg Novi, and spend a pleasant summer day in that town. For swimming and sun bathing outside Kotor, we are of course suggesting the metropolis of tourism, Budva. Up to Budva there are 25 km and to Herceg Novi 35 km. When you are on vacation everything is close, it is up to you to choose with what type of transportation you will reach the desired destination: taxi, taxi van, taxi boat, or barge, or maybe with your own car. Also during the summer longer trips are organized by the traveler’s ship “Jovan” which during the whole season is anchored in Kotor harbor and offers cruising towards Herceg Novi or through Tivat and Budva towards Bar.

 

Kotor is also a sports town. It is most famous by water polo, because for a long time they have the water polo school “Primorac”. That club owns an indoor Olympic pool and the open pool in the sea which is close to Kotor harbor. In Kotor there is also a football stadium and as well as the terrains for little sports.

In the recent years in Kotor the sailing competition has been revived. Regattas are being organized, and in the sailing club “Lahor” (Breeze) once again we have successful sailors growing. There is also a diving club “Zubatac” (Dentex) in which you have a possibility of renting the gear. Next to the channel of bay of Boka Kotorska, the water is calm and in the last few winters, that is an ideal place for preparations of the oarsmen, mostly teams from Russia.

Kotor is an interesting place for the mountain lovers. Towards the peak Sveti Ivan (St. Ivan), above Kotor, you have a path for the funs of hiking. The path goes further towards curve Krstac on the mountain Lovcen (height 965 m), where from you go further towards Pestingrad (1098 m) or towards the Jezerski vrh ((Lake Peak)1657 m), second highest on Lovcen, where the magnificent mausoleum of Petra II Petrovic Njegos, Montenegrin ruler and poet, is situated. Such hikes are organized by the Kotor club “Pestigrad” which is working with great dedication on the development of the free climbing and marking of the paths in Kotor and the surrounding for hiking.

In Kotor there is also a city park, beside the sea. It has the accessories for children, with a lot of benches for rest.

Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Shopping in Kotor

In the interior of the Old Kotor the largest number of shops and boutiques is situated. Also there you can find smaller shops, and vendors that are offering footwear and clothes of the renowned European and world designers and creators. The largest number of boutiques offers almost all pieces of fashion clothes of mostly Italian fashion designing firms. The appearance and the offer in the boutiques are on a very high level. Kotor boutiques give the appearance of the harmony in the choice of patterns of the clothes, material and they show us the skill of the trading, as if it were a craft, which has for years been done in the Old town. The consumers of all ages and tastes in Kotor shops can find almost everything that is necessary for a nice, decent and modern appearance.

Except the boutiques and shops for clothes, in the old town you also can find a great number of souvenir shops, photo shops, jewelry shop, book shops, antique shops, shops of mixed goods, hairdresser saloons, and beauty saloons, barber shops, cafés, pizzerias, pastry shops etc…

On the second entrance into the Old town, just across the Kotor Riva and harbor we can find Kotor bazaar or market. Since forever that place was intended for the exchange and barter of various goods and merchandise. Today on that market mostly fruits, vegetables, and fish are sold, but also the stands with the costume jewelry and other trifles are inevitable.

Several hundreds of meters on the right side, there is a bigger department store, in which you have a larger number of boutiques and shops. In almost every part of Kotor you can fins a great number of food stores and super markets.

Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Kotor – Food and Drink

The most typical Mediterranean cuisine, as the national cuisine in Montenegro, is originally called, you can try out in Kotor. There almost isn’t a restaurant, a smaller open terrace, hotel terrace or Kotor fiesta, on which doesn’t serve Kotor specialties. We are suggesting, that as soon as you come to Kotor, you try the domestic fish thick soup (it is usually prepared from the cooked fish trout). That is actually one type of fish soup, with bigger pieces of fish, with rice and various additives that give the meal a dark red color and a sharp scent which lurks you very much to try that meal, even if you are not a great fish fun.

Of sweet treats people from Kotor will give you “frustula” (a crunchy, dry, sweet cookie of rhombus shape), but the most famous meal are Kotor’s “njoke” (pasta specialty), which are mostly served during the big and famous Kotor carnivals.

Except the traditional Montenegrin cuisine which is made of: smoked ham, cheese, olives and famous red and white vines, in Kotor you can try also all other kinds of specialties. In almost every hotel, or restaurant, or café you can order all kinds of Italian pizzas, and also they offer other Italian specialties.

In the menus of all Kotor hotels and restaurants you can find almost all fish specialties and meals that are made of sea fruits: octopus salad, rice with sea fruits, fish thick soups, lobsters, grilled squids, various kinds of sea fish etc…

Because the cuisine in Kotor is mostly Mediterranean, with almost all fish specialties, cooks use the additives which make the smell and the taste of the Mediterranean cuisine even more special. Those are: lemon, parsley, basil, rosemary, garlic, as well as other additives which make the meal healthy and tasteful for trying.

Your enjoyment and impression about Kotor will reach the climax, when after only one day spent in Kotor, you sum up your impressions in some of its hotels or restaurants, trying out one after another specialty and delicacies that you didn’t know that they exist.

Kotor

Where to go & what to see

Hotels in Kotor

According to the latest data of the Ministry of Tourism of Montenegro, in Kotor there are 10 hotels that are working during the whole year. Almost all hotels in Kotor have the necessary tourist standards and they fulfill the criteria of the modern tourists and guests. Most of them have their own parking lots, open and indoor pools, halls for various types of recreation, gardens for rest or lunch, rent – a- car service etc. The hotels along the sea shore have also the improvised mostly stone beaches, on which you can relax lying down in easy chairs under hotel parasols. When you decide to spend your summer vacation in Kotor, the guests mostly spend their holiday in hotels: “Splendido”, “Teuta”, Fjord”, or “Vardar”.

5 Kotor hotels at the moment has 2 stars, there are hotels with 3 stars, and only one hotel facility, according to the marks of expert commissions for standardization and categorization, has earned 4 stars.

The most comfortable, according to the marks of the commissions for hotel keeping, and the most beautiful of all Kotor hotels, is Hotel “Splendido”, which has 4 stars, and is situated in Prcanj, close to Kotor. That is a hotel more recently built. It got the name “Splendido” by the sail boat that has the same name. It was the sail boat of the famous Kotor seamen Ivo Vizin, who became famous by his accomplishment from the XIX century, sailing around the world.

Whether they are situated next to the Kotor shore, or close to it, beside the nicely arranged interior and exterior, which means the horticultural arrangement, from the hotel rooms the view goes on the far blue open sea, big anchored boats, and local fisherman that are sailing out in their quest for the fish etc…

If you are interested for the rest in private arrangement, you are offered a smaller number of hotels, houses and apartments for rent. Their number is still not precisely determined. It is considered that there are about several hundred renting places. The leasers of the private accommodation are mostly advertising themselves through private tourist agencies, or by Internet. The prices in those facilities are pretty lower compared to the hotel prices.

For those for whom comfort, along with the exclusivity and enjoyment is on the first place, they have at their disposal numerous villas, newly built or those that used to be magnificent edifices, palace for reception of gentlemen and guests. Such objects will be easily found by the rich guests.

Tourism

Where to go & what to see

Tourism in Kotor

Beaches

When we are talking about tourism, in that area, Kotor is not the greatest town. Considering the fact that mainly it is a town of the extraordinary cultural value, for centuries it developed in that direction. The number of sandy beaches is almost led down to a minimum. A culturally – historical town of Kotor, has several stony beaches, mostly in front of hotels. On them you have 2 or 3 rows of easy chairs with parasols. The summers are warm and dry, and the winters are mild and humid. The average temperature doesn’t surpass 15, 2 ºC. 213 days in a year are without any wind, and the swimming season lasts for 144 days in a year. Two sandy beaches, with very small capacities, are found in the places Orahovac and Ljuta, and they are several kilometers away from the center of the town, on the way towards Risan.

You can often see smaller cafés situated along the stony shore or by the lower part of the road in Kotor, on which except the summer refreshment with various juices, or drinks, visitors are offered with easy chairs for sunbathing and umbrellas, as well as the swimming in the sea of bay of Boka Kotorska.

If the nature itself and Kotor charm you that much that there is no reason for you to spend your vacation in some other town on the Montenegrin coast, then we are convinced that you will manage with the swimming and sunbathing in Kotor. After all, almost every visitor or guest of Kotor will easily confirm you, that the refreshment from summer heats is simple even in Kotor, which almost doesn’t have sandy beaches. Actually, if the enjoyment and relaxing in the sea is most important for you, then we can say that Koto wit its stony shore – instead of real beaches – is an ideal place for you. If you follow our short rule, you will easily have a good rest. Here is how you’re going to do that: bring a bigger towel with yourself, find any part of the smooth stony shore, sit for a while, 1 – 2 minutes prepare yourself, jump into the water, have a nice swim, come back, dry yourself and after that observe the far blue shore, from the place where the murmur of other swimmers will not disturb your peace of which you have dreamt, in your big towns from which you are coming.

Herceg Novi

Where to go & what to see

Churches and Monasteries in Herceg Novi

The fortress Forte Mare represents one of the most significant fortification stand points in the town. It is considered that that facility is to be thanked for the construction of the medieval Herceg Novi. Even today on the south east side of the fortress a part of the defensive wall from that time is being preserved. Today’s size, shape and dimensions the fortress got during the Turkish reign, and from that period also come the cannons with defensive crowns. In the middle of the XVI century that fortification was named “Jaka kula” (STRONG TOWER) or “Kula Apasbase“. Today’s name fortress Forte Mare receives in XVIII century during the Venetian reign, while for the set of additional constructions and today’s appearance of the fortress we should thank the Austrians.

The Old City Core – is actually a unique urban core, which dates from the late middle century, and contains fortification, sacral, residential and public facilities. The intertwined styles of construction of facilities still testify of the Turkish and Venetian reign in Herceg Novi. The Old City Core of Herceg Novi encompasses the Old town inside what used to be defensive walls, tower and bastion. North we have Kanli kula (today summer and movie stage), to the west we have Sat kula (CLOCK TOWER), in the south side there is fortress Forte Mare, and in the east there is a city drinking fountain and a gate Karaca. The old architecture which is found in the core has the ambience value, which is recognized by the braiding of steep streets and stairs which follow the cascades of the terrain.

The fortress Kanli kula – the name itself Kanli kula is of Turkish origin and it means a bloody tower. It is situated in the north part of the old town in Herceg Novi. With its size and position the tower dominates over the town (the height is 85 meters above the sea level). Kanli kula in fact used to be a complex fortification system. In the written documents Kanli kula is mentioned for the first time in XVII century. Over the time it suffered significant changes and destructions, so the exact time of its construction can not be determined precisely. The final shape the tower got during the time of Turkish reign while the Venetians, immediately after taking over Herceg Novi, made some remodeling. Today Kanli kula is mostly used as a summer stage.

Fortress Spanjola – is built during the time of Turkish reign (XV – XVI). However, it got its name by the Spaniards who during their one year reign over Herceg Novi have participated in its construction.

Sat kula – is also called Sahat kula or Tora. It was built by the order of Turkish sultan Mahmud in 1667.

The drinking fountain Karaca – is situated in the immediate vicinity of the east city doors in Herceg Novi. Even though Herceg Novi is a town that abounds in drinking fountains, drinking fountain Karaca was one of the most important ones in the town. The very access point which takes you from the entrance of the town to the drinking fountain which is in the immediate vicinity is made of cobbled stone, and from two very nicely built stone pipes flows a very strong stream of water. Today drinking fountain Karaca is yet another urban witness of the time of the Turkish reign over Herceg Novi (XVI – XVII).

The church Sveta Jeronima (ST. JERONIMA) – is situated in the Old town. It was built in 1856. In its place in the XVII century there used to be a Catholic parish church dedicated to Sveti Jeronim, the protector of the town. The church was ruined and in the XIX century the today’s, much bigger and more spacious edifice was built. The works of the greatest baroque painter of Boka, man from Perast, Tripo Kokolja, are preserved in that church.

The church of Sveti Leopold (ST. LEPOPOLD) Mandic – is situated below the church of Sveti Jeronim. It was built by the Venetians a year after taking over Herceg Novi. It is dedicated to the man born in Herceg Novi, Sveti Leopold Mandic, who was proclaimed a saint by the late pope Ivan Pavle II (JOVAN PAVLI II) in 1983.

The church of Sveti Djordje (ST. DJORDJE) and Spas (SAVIOUR) with episcopacy residence – that complex is situated in Topla (a place in the middle of the road between Herceg Novi and Igalo). The complex has two churches, but also a little building in which long time ago Montenegrin bishop Petar II Petrovic Njegos learned to read and write. The church of Sveti Spas was made of stone from Korcula in 1713. The iconostasis in the church is the work of Greek masters from XIX century, and it also has a lot of Russian icons. The little church of Sveti Djordje was built at the end of the XVII century on the remains of the old Turkish mosque. The iconostasis in the church is a work of the Boka Kotorska painting school. The churches have a great number of valuable icons, silver dishes, and old printed books. The episcopacy residence is situated in the west suburbs of Herceg Novi. It is a two floored edifice in which famous episcopes during the long history of the town (1690 – 1716) stayed. Since that edifice was repaired in an inadequate way, it lost a part of its authenticity

The church of Sveti Arhangel Mihajlo (ST. ARCHANGEL MICHAEL) – is situated in the center of the old town of Herceg Novi, on the square Belavista. It was built at the beginning of the XIX century. The interior and the exterior of the church associate us to the mixture of styles which contain Byzantine, Roman – gothic and Islamite elements. Iconostasis of the church was made of marble with the icons from the beginning of the XX century. Many printed books from Russia are being preserved in the church.

The legacy Dukovic – a great and with great taste composed architectonic edifice which is situated in the south east part of Topla. That part of the town close to Herceg Novi where the legacy is situated carries also the name Dukovina, because it belonged to the distinguished maritime – trading family Dukovic. In the year 1909, the descendants of the family Dukovic have gave their family house with the ground floor and first floor as well as the very nicely arranged garden with over 1500 m2 to Herceg Novi. Their wish was to make that facility a legacy which will be used for education of young talents.

Fortification Mamula – is situated at the very entrance in bay of Boka Kotorska, between the capes Ostro and Arza. During I and II World War there used to be a notorious camp. Even tough it was built by the Austria Mamula was never used in military purposes.

Monastery Savina – that monastery complex is made of three churches, shelter, cemetery, and a gorgeous tiled access. Monastery is situated on the uphill south form Herceg Novi. The exact time of the construction of the complex is not determined, though it is familiar that today’s monastery Savina originates from the XV century. The complex also has a small and a big church of Uspenja Bogorodice (ASSUMPTION OF HOLY MOTHER OF GOD) in which the works of the famous Kotor gothic school are being preserved. Also, the complex contains a shelter which has a rich collection of church books, dishes and icons.

Monastery Zanjice – is situated in the east side of the entrance in bay of Boka Kotorska. The monastery complex is made of the church of Vavedenje of Holy mother of God. It is considered that it comes from the XV century. In the interior of the church one can notice the tracks of fresco painting.