Biogradska Gora

Park is in mountainous region of Bjelasica that is located in central part of Montenegro between Rivers Tara and Lim and is surrounded with three municipalities: Kolasin, Berane and Mojkovac. Park is 5400 acres large and surrounded with mountains whose tops are over 2000 meters high and with nine glacier and one low land lakes, Lake Biograd. Seat of the Park is in Kolasin.

Importance:

Although it is the smallest of four National Parks in Montenegro, National Park Biogradska Gora contains diversity of flora and fauna. There are 26 different habitats of plants with 220 different plants. 150 kinds of birds and 10 kinds of mammals live in this Park and in its forest there are 86 kinds of trees. In the waters of Park exist three kinds of trout and 350 kinds of insects.

Basic elements of the Park are:

untouched forest with trees over five hundreds of years old, large mountain slopes and tops, glacier lakes at altitude of 1820 meters and easy accessible Lake located at very entrance to the Park. Park is renowned as unique geological morphological region and as such very attractive for scientific research.

History:

Park is near railway Bar Beograd and is witness of history. In close vicinity took place battle between Turks on one side and Montenegrins and Serbs on other side. There were also important battles in First Balkan War 1912 and this region represented center of activities of partisans in WWII. For years back, shepherds used rich pasture in this region for grazing sheep and other cattle. These slopes are even today used as pastures and visitors of park enjoy hospitality of shepherds in their summer houses.

Recreation:

Mountaineering and visiting are two most popular summer activities in the Park. Also south of Park is ski course. In summer is also popular visiting high tops with land cruisers. Hunting is permitted out of region of Category II and fishing is permitted in lakes. Picking of blackberries and raspberries in region of Category IV is another summer activity.

History of the Park:

When Kolasin was liberated from Turkish rule in 1878, people from Moraca and Rovca presented part of the forest to King Nikola Petrovic. This forest was known as Branik Kralja Nikole and was protected. Biogradska Gora was proclaimed National Park in 1952.

Transport and connection:

Park is located by railway Bar Beograd and highway Podgorica Beograd. Train stops at stations Kolasin and Mojkovac where local train takes passengers to stations between these two towns. Train does not stop at entrance of the Park. There is also regular bus transport. In Kolasin and Mojkovac there are taxi services. Most visitors of the Park use private cars or arrive in organized groups.

Source: Ministry of Tourism of Montenegro, Plan for Future of National Parks of Montenegro and development of entrepreneurship, FLAG International.

Durmitor

The Park is located at wide mountain region in North West of Montenegro, limited by Rivers Piva and Tara between which there are 23 mountain tops over 2300 meters of altitude. Park is 39000 acres large and includes 82 kilometers of canyon of the Tara with altitude of 1600 meters above level of the River. Office of the Park is in Zabljak.

Importance:

Region of Durmitor is the most important part of Dinara range of mountains characterized by high tops, abundant forests, deep gorges. Canyon of Tara is the largest in Europe and has over 1500 kinds of flora and 130 kinds of birds.There are 17 glacier Lakes in the Park as the highest top in Montenegro Bobotov kuk (2522 m). Since 1980 Park and canyon of Tara are under protection of UNESCO. 1977 canyon was proclaimed world ecological reserve. Seven zones of Park are among special protected areas (ICUM):

  • Uncut forest of fir
  • Black pine at Crna poda
  • Canyon of Susica
  • Region of lake Barno
  • Region of Lake Zaboljsko
  • Canyon of Tara
  • Milling stream

Large number of 314 protected animals in Montenegro, including 163 kinds of birds live in region of Durmitor.

History:

Because of large battle that took place in WWII in vicinity of Zabljak there are eight historic monuments. Other historic places and monuments are scattered at south and north part of the Park. Although is still not made complete archeological exploration, starting founding show to existence of traces from Mesolithic period to now.

Recreation:

Recreation has important place among activities at National Park Durmitor. Tracking, mountaineering, Alpine and Nordic skiing, rafting on Tara river, fishing, camping and visits by bus or car are ways of recreation that are done in the Park.

History of the Park:

Kingdom of Montenegro put Crno Jezero ( Black Lake) and its surrounding as River Tara under kings protection. On September 06, 1952 Assembly of people Republic of Montenegro proclaimed mountain Durmitor as National Park. Assembly of Socialist Republic of Montenegro broadened National Park Durmitor with canyon of Tara on February 03, 1978. Space plan of Park was made in 1995.

Transport and connection:

Park can be reached from Beograd, first by highway to Pljevlja and than over river of Tara to Zabljak and Mojkovac. From Podgorica to the Park usually goes through canyon of Moraca to Mojkovac and than to Zabljak. Considering that there is no functional Airport near there is no air transport to Zabljak. There is bus line from Podgorica to Pljevlja and Zabljak. By train Beograd Bar transport is made to Mojkovac.

 

Source: Ministry of Tourism of Montenegro, Plan for Future of National Parks of Montenegro and development of entrepreneurship, FLAG International.

Skadar Lake

Lake is located in Zeta Scadar valley and is surrounded by mountains and 7 km far from Adriatic Sea. Two Thirds of Lake of Scadar is in Montenegro and rest one third is in Albania. Depending of level of water space of Lake varies from 530 to 370 km2 it is considered 44 km long and 14 km wide. Coast line is very cut especially in north west side. Low valley of north part of Lake is often flooded.

Importance:

Lake of Scadar is the largest lake at Balkan Peninsula one of the last fresh water spaces and largest national park in Montenegro and the most famous for its diversity of flora and fauna. Lake itself is unusual for mutual vicinity of different living areas and their chain of feeding.

Birds:

There is a large number of birds kinds. It is stated that 270 kinds of birds inhabit this Lake. Around 90% of birds are migratory and are of international importance. During season of migrating, white little egret, white spoonbill and various kinds of ducks pass over this region. Cormorant nest in north swamps and represent one of three most important colonies in the world (ITR, Ecological Research Study on Peat exploration, 2001). Rare and endangered kind of curly pelican nest at floating peat islands in north end of the Lake.

Water fauna:

There are 50 species of fish living in the Lake and 3 snake like. The most important from economic point of view are ukljeva and carp.

Flora:

World of plants of this park is very important and is different from the regions where there are often floods, little stone islands and steep mountain cliffs. There are three rare and protected plants and trees and large number (30 +) of rare plants in park.

Cultural monuments:

In region of Lake of Scadar there are 20 monasteries, churches, villages, fortresses and sacred monuments. This lake is witness of Montenegrin history from 11th century up to now. Around Lake itself there are 18 important historic monuments.

International recognition:

History of human kind around Lake of Scadar dates back to times of early manhood for its health and dispensable resources. Earliest written documents from this region are from 11th century or period of creating the first Montenegrin dynasty. Turning of Roman Catholics into Orthodox Church many monasteries and churches, in the beginning of 1400 AD built around the lake. In 1478 Turks occupied Zabljak and region of lake and ruled over it until 1878, when Montenegro was liberated from Turkish rule. During Turkish occupation Montenegro was ruled by Cetinje Metropolitans and it survived this period. Some strongholds were used by Italians during WWII.

Recreational activities:

Bird watching, fishing, hunting, renting and ride in boat, swimming and sunbathing are main recreational activities around the Lake.

History of park:

Park was founded in 1968 for keeping and protection of wonderful surrounding of the Lake and its shore. Plan of development for his park was made in 1997.

Transport/Approach:

Park is easily accessible from direction of Podgorica and Bar by highway Podgorica Petrovac or by rain from Bar or Podgorica through central part via Virpazar. To other regions inside park you can come in own car or taxi. Travelers agents in Podgorica offer one day trips to Lake including boat ride at Lake and lunch at far fishermen village.

Source: Ministry of Tourism of Montenegro, Plan for Future of National Parks of Montenegro and development of entrepreneurship, FLAG International.

Lovcen

National Park Lovcen is located in rocky region of Dinara Alps. Slopes of Mountain Lovcen steeply rise from coastal region of Budva and west part of Cetinje. Park is bordered on South with highway Budva Cetinje and on North with old Kotor road. Black Mountain, after which Montenegro got its name, rises to 1749 meters of altitude. Park is 6220 acres large. Office of the Park is at Cetinje.

Importance:

History of flora and fauna plays important role in National Park Lovcen who with nine different habitats at a very small space. So large number of habitats is result in large diversity of flora and fauna. There are 2000 plants in the Park. This abundance of life is result of extreme altitudes and under influence of two climate zones: Mediterranean and Continental. Their combination at such small space is cause of creation of unique habitat.In this Park is mausoleum of Montenegrin ruler and poet Petar II Petrovic Njegos. That imposing building with 461 stairs that lead from parking lot to mausoleum itself. Its building started in 1951 and was open for public in 1974. All region of mountain Lovcen Montenegrins consider sacred. As verses from famous song say Lovcen is our Holy altar. Lovcen is symbol of Montenegro and gives it national identity. Shortly what is Statue of Liberty for Americans that is mountain Lovcen for Montenegrins.

History:

This region is witness of coming and flow of history from Illyrians, Romans to arrival of Slav Tribes. Cetinje became stronghold of Christianity and capital of Montenegro never conquered by Turks. In 1885 relics of Petar II were moved to top of mountain Lovcen into al little church. During WWII Austrian soldiers destroyed the church and Princes body was for safekeeping relocated. New church was built at the same place and Princes relics were moved to it. Plan on building of mausoleum was approved and building started in 1951. Construction lasted 23 years and this building was open for public in 1974.

Recreational activities:

At his mountain there is short ski region. The most popular sport at high snowy slopes is Nordic skiing. Other popular activities are tracking and walking through the Park.

History of the Park:

This Park is over 50 years old and in hearts of Montenegrins for centuries arise strong emotions. Petar II one from last great Montenegrin dynasty Petrovic that lived in nearby village (that is in VI zone of the Park) wrote: Proud Lovcen Mountain, head above clouds higher under you proudly considers all marvelous nature creates.

Transport and connection:

Much bus traffic is among Cetinje, Bar, Budva and Podgorica. It is possible to hire a taxi that transports passengers to the Park. For visit of the Park most guests use own or rented cars.

Source: Ministry of Tourism of Montenegro, Plan for Future of National Parks of Montenegro and development of entrepreneurship, FLAG International.