Mountain of Lovcen rises above littoral and makes the back of the city of Kotor. This mountainous massive has important role of sense of Montenegrin people. Lovcen is a symbol of state and national identity. Mountain of Lovcen is proclaimed National park that takes the highest and central part of Lovcen massive. The tops are Stirovnik and Jezerski vrh where is mausoleum of Petar II Petrovic Njegos, one of the greatest poets, philosophers and statesmen of Montenegro. Lovcen abounds in valuable building heritage, summer pastures and village gumnos. One of valuable religious monuments is the village of Njegusi the birthplace of Njegos located at the old road leading from Kotor to Cetinje.
Kotor is quite surely the most important Montenegrin town considering culture. In late 19 th century Kotor or Boka Kotorska bay or the southernmost fjord as that bay is called lately because its uppermost beauty received name of bride of Adriatic. Its amazing beauty makes blue sea, rocky shores, feet of the most renown Montenegrin mountain Lovcen, green that with rocks above the walls of the old Kotor make unprecedented natural colours, curves to castle of San Djovani or Sveti Ivan, Medieval palaces, old town and unavoidable, always, generous spirit of its citizens of any nation or religion. Kotor was challenge to any tourist for centuries but not in tourist way as the town of great culture validity with old time monuments of culture as its in first place churches and cathedrals. At every step thorough the Old town of Kotor you can briefly at least through imagination get back to Middle Ages, baroque or period when pirates ruled world coasts.
If you are for the first time in Kotor, the impression, we are sure, will be much stronger than experience from movies you watched over books you red about these periods or this town. Here are kept traces of Illyrian and Roman culture, preordain, Romanic, gothic, renaissance, baroque. Old town of Kotor is one of Mediterranean towns with best-kept Medieval urbane from 12 th to 14 th century and is at list of World Culture Heritage under protection of UNESCO. Old town of Kotor is at the list of UNESCO World Culture Heritage since 1979. Medieval town of Kotor is located at the end of Boka Kotorska bay. Today Kotor is the largest old urbane location in Montenegro. The oldest archeological foundations buildings dating back to 6 th century is early Christian basilica found under the church of Mary Koledjate or Gospe od zdravlja, in vicinity of main town doors of old town of Kotor.
Situated in the fields of Cetinje, at the base of the Lovcen mountain, Cetinje is a treasure of Montenegrin cultural and historical heritage. It scent with the architecture from 18th and 19th century that comes from rich greenery of this small city. Cetinje is the capital of Montenegro and Crnogorsko – primorska Mitropolija. During King Nikolas reign many embassies were built that give it today’s specific looks. Two of the most representative buildings are the Monasteries of Cetinje and Biljarda. Cetinje Monastery was built in 1701 and even though the Turks destroyed it several times, the people built it up again. There are relics of Saint Petar of Cetinje, one the illustrious patrons of Montenegrin history. Cetinje Monastery represents the spiritual and political seat of the Montenegrin people. For the state purpose Njegos built Biljarda, a building (monastery) that took its name after the pool (billiards) that this exceptional poet, metropolitan, philosopher and statesman liked to play. Cetinje abounds in museums, as well as the Art Academy, parks and from Orlov Krs there is great view of the city and the mountain of Lovcen.
The oldest city of the Boka region, Risan originated in the 3rd century BC and was the seafaring, commercial and workshop centre of the Illyrian state. With the arrival of the Romans in Risan, palaces were built with the best Greek marble and decorated with magnificent sculptures and mosaics. These have lasted up to the present and form an invaluable cultural treasure. Among the large number of mosaics is one of the God Hypnos, which is remarkable in that it is the only mosaic figure of the God of Dreams in the world.